According to a new study by Fact.MR, the global graphite market is anticipated to surge at a CAGR of 8.5% over the period of 2021 to 2031, due to high investments in the development of newer technologies to support EV manufacturing, and graphite is a vital cathode material that is used in EV batteries.
Overall, the market is slated to expand 2.3X over the next ten years, thereby offering immense opportunities to market participants.
Augmenting demand from the developing lithium-ion (li-ion) battery industry as well as rise in steel production in Asia and the Middle East are primary factors set to drive market growth in the short term. On the other hand, discovery of substitute anode materials for lithium-ion batteries in high-end applications, strict environmental laws, and impact of the COVID-19 outbreak are all predicted to stifle growth of the global graphite market to some extent.
This study by Fact.MR, a market research and competitive intelligence provider, throws light on market risks, in-detail study of technological aspects, techno-economic strongholds, and other business aspects.
Graphite Industry Report Scope
|Market Size Value in 2021||USD 22 Billion|
|Market Forecast Value for 2031||USD 50 Billion|
|Global Growth Rate||CAGR 8.5%|
|North America Market Size in 2021||USD 4.7 Billion|
|Latin America Market Size in 2021||USD 1.2 Billion|
|Europe Market Size in 2021||USD 3.6 Billion|
|East Asia Market Size in 2021||USD 7.1 Billion|
|South Asia & Oceania Market Size in 2021||USD 3.8 Billion|
|Middle East and Africa Market Size in 2021||USD 1.5 Billion|
|Historical Data Available for||2016-2020|
|Market Analysis||Value in US$ Mn, Volume in KT|
|Key Regions Covered||
|Key Countries Covered||
|Key Segments Covered||
|Key Companies Profiled||
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Consumption Analysis of Graphite (2016-2020) Vs Market Outlook (2021-2031)
Due to the development of numerous applications, ranging from electrodes to refractories, graphite has seen significant increase in demand over time. Besides the variables driving market growth, advancements in electric arc furnace (EAF) steel manufacturing technological aspects have had a significant impact on steering the graphite industry to its current advantageous condition.
In 2020, the impact of COVID-19 was quite significant on this market. Near complete lockdowns imposed dramatically affected international trade across borders. China’s export to the world declined by 17% in January-February 2020. Apart from this, the coronavirus outbreak disrupted freight transport, business travel, and other services that rely on the presence of individuals abroad.
Due to aforementioned reasons, the market for graphite witnessed a huge drop, but is now on its way back up. Over the forecast period, the market is anticipated to witness positive growth owing to Greenfield and Brownfield investments announced by various end-use industries. Overall, the effect of COVID-19 on the market in 2020 led to Y-o-Y growth contraction of 2.1%.
The study forecasts the market to be valued at 32 Bn by the end of the next-half decade and 50 Bn by the end of 2031.
Below points summarize the market over the forecast period:
- Synthetic graphite to hold 60% market share, and is anticipated to gain 180 BPS by 2031.
- Electrodes & refractories are highly prominent and set to progress at 9.1% CAGR.
- Showa Denko Materials Co. Ltd. holds significant market share and has been racing ahead inventing newer technologies and solutions for graphite use in EVs and EAFs.
What is the Role of the Metallurgy Segment in the Market?
Electrodes and refractories, casting, and foundries are all included in the metallurgy area of the market analysed. For steel manufacturing, ferroalloy production, silicon metal manufacture, and smelting, graphite electrodes are used in electric arc furnaces (EAFs) and ladle furnaces (LFs).
The need for graphite is predicted to rise as steel production using electric arc furnaces is on the rise. Natural graphite is used in the production of crucibles and mag-carbon bricks in refractories. Steel converters and electric arc furnaces both use graphite as a liner. Owing to these factors, the metallurgy segment is anticipated to grow 1.3X by the end of 2031.
In steel moulding applications, several types of alumina-graphite are employed in continuous casting ware, such as nozzles and troughs. Rising demand for graphite is likely to be fuelled by increased use of steel.
Graphite is also used to cover foundry facings in order to make the removal of hot metal easier. All of these factors are projected to drive graphite demand in the metallurgical end-user industry.
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How is the Market Performing in North America and Europe?
Because of the growing need for graphite anodes in the battery industry, companies in Europe and North America are building an integrated graphite supply chain.
Increasing investments in e-mobility and battery grid storage are expected to boost graphite use in these areas. In addition, traditional end users such as steelmaking and refractories are likely to maintain their demand over the next few years.
Why is China a Prominent Market for Graphite?
In the global scenario, China holds a paramount proportion of graphite electrode consumption and production capacity. Nearly 500 kilo tons of graphite electrodes were produced in China, with nearly 60% being used for domestic purposes. In this environment, the steel-making sector is increasingly using graphite for specialist applications.
China's current UHP graphite electrode production capacity is roughly 50,000 metric tonnes per year. In the long run, China's demand for UHP electrodes is predicted to increase significantly, with an increased capacity of over 50,000 metric tonnes of UHP graphite electrodes expected in the forecast period's later stages.
China's proportion of steel produced in electric arc furnaces is expected to increase from 10% in 2021 to roughly 20% by 2021. In this regard, the government has progressively increased the number of steel mills that use electric arc furnaces. However, the country's economic and industrial manufacturing operations have been severely affected as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak.
What is the Potential of Electrodes and Refractories as Traditional End-use Segments for Graphite?
Steel production and electrodes, refractories & foundries, recarburizers, and friction products are currently major users of graphite, accounting for over 65% of the overall market. In steel manufactured using EAF technology, high purity graphite electrodes are consumed every eight to ten hours.
EAF technology currently accounts for about a quarter of overall steel production, and demand for graphite electrodes is likely to increase over the years. EAF steelmaking is widely seen as a clear winner in the race to create steel in a carbon-neutral and environmentally friendly manner.
With increased demand for steel from various sectors such as automotive, aerospace, and electronics, demand for graphite is expected to rise over the coming years.
One of the fastest-growing applications for graphite is rechargeable li-ion batteries, which has a significant market potential. From 2021 to 2031, the batteries segment is expected to surge at a CAGR of 14.1%. By 2025, global LIB (lithium-ion battery) production is expected to reach 1,500 GWh.
In li-ion batteries, graphite is the most used anode material. Lithium manganese oxide (LMO), lithium cobalt oxide (LCO), and lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries all use graphite.
Despite the fact that batteries account for a minor portion of the worldwide graphite industry, technical improvements in this area will provide high growth opportunity for spherical and expanded graphite in the years ahead. Vehicle electrification, electronic devices, and grid storage are all driving li-ion battery market expansion.
How is Synthetic Graphite Demand Shaping Up Compared to Natural Graphite?
In 2020, synthetic graphite accounted for over 60% market share. Electrodes, li-ion battery anodes, synthetic carbon, lubricants, foundries, refractory materials, conductive fillers, coatings, graphite forms, and recarburizers are just a few of the applications.
In steelmaking and silicon industries, these electrodes are employed in electric arc furnaces and melting furnaces. Steel production using EAF technology has increased in recent years, which is likely to drive demand for graphite electrodes. Synthetic graphite is chosen over natural graphite because of its excellent conductivity and purity, which allows it to handle very high electric currents.
Amorphous and flake graphite are the two main types of natural graphite. Flake graphite accounts for more than 50% of the natural graphite's market share and is one of the fastest-growing product groups, thanks to increased demand from rechargeable batteries.
Flexible or expanded graphite, one of the fastest-growing markets for li-ion batteries, is made from natural graphite flakes. It's made by mixing a diluted acid solution with natural flake graphite and heated it to expansion, which splits the flakes apart. This product has large market potential in thermal management and battery storage applications, and it is expected to propel the graphite industry forward going ahead.
An Adaptive Approach to Modern-day Research Needs
- In 2020, Imerys announced intentions to boost synthetic graphite capacity at Bodio, Switzerland. The company wants to expand its synthetic graphite value and fulfil growing demand from the li-ion battery industry in Europe and North America.
- In 2020, Novonix Limited and Harper International Corporation formed strategic agreements to develop furnace technology. Novonix's synthetic graphite production method will benefit from the advanced technology.
Key Segments of Graphite Industry Research
By Product Type
- Natural Graphite
- Synthetic Graphite
- Natural Graphite
- Refractories & Foundries
- Friction Products
Graphite Market- Scope of Report
A recent study by Fact.MR on the graphite market offers a 10-year forecast for 2021 to 2031. The study analyzes crucial trends that are currently determining the growth of the market. This report explicates on vital dynamics, such as the drivers, restraints, and opportunities for key market players along with key stakeholders as well as emerging players associated with the development of graphite.
The study also provides the dynamics that are responsible for influencing the future status of the market over the forecast period. A detailed assessment of value chain analysis, business execution, cost structure analysis, and supply chain analysis across regional markets has been covered in the report.
A list of prominent companies manufacturing graphite, along with their product portfolios, key strategies, and SWOT analysis, enhances the reliability of this comprehensive research study.
The study offers comprehensive analysis on diverse features, including availability check on graphite, role of graphite in metallurgical activities demand for high purity graphite, track of recent developments in the industry and revenue generation from graphite across the globe.
A comprehensive estimate on the market has been provided through an optimistic scenario as well as a conservative scenario, taking into account revenue through graphite during the forecast period.
Analysis on Market Size Evaluation
The market has been analyzed for each market segment in terms of volume (KT), and value (US$ Mn).
Market estimates at global and regional levels for graphite are available in terms of “US$ Mn”. A Y-o-Y growth contrast on prominent market segments, along with market attractiveness evaluation, has been incorporated in the report. Furthermore, absolute dollar opportunity analysis of all the segments adds prominence to the report. Absolute dollar opportunity plays a crucial role in assessing the level of opportunity that a company can look to achieve, along with identifying potential resources, considering the revenue perspective in the global graphite market.
Inspected Assessment on Regional Segments
Key sections have been elaborated in the report, which have helped deliver projections on regional markets. These chapters include market forces analysis, which is expected to have a momentous influence on the growth of the graphite market during the forecast period.
Country-specific valuation on revenue for graphite has been offered for each regional market, along with market scope estimates and forecasts, and impact analysis of the dynamics of prominence in regions and countries. For all regional markets, Y-o-Y growth estimates have also been incorporated in the report.
Detailed breakup in terms of value for key countries has also been included in the report.
In-depth Analysis on Competition
The report sheds light on leading providers of graphite, along with their detailed profiles. Essential and up-to-date data related to market performers who are principally engaged in the graphite has been brought with the help of a detailed dashboard view. Market share analysis and comparison of prominent players provided in the report permits report readers to take preemptive steps in advancing their businesses.
Company profiles have been included in the report, which include essentials such as product portfolios and key strategies, along with all-inclusive SWOT analysis on each player. Company presence is mapped and presented through a matrix for all the prominent players, thus providing readers with actionable insights, which helps in thoughtfully presenting the market status, and predicting the competition level in the graphite market.
- FAQs -
Demand for graphite products is projected to increase at a CAGR of around 8.5% during 2021 – 2031.
Consumption of graphite increased at a CAGR of 7.6% during 2016 – 2020.
Top 5 graphite manufacturers account for around 30% share in the market.
The top 3 countries driving demand for graphite are China, Japan, and South Korea.
North America accounted for one-fifth of global graphite demand in 2021.
The European market for graphite is projected to expand at a CAGR of 8.1% during 2021 – 2031.
The market in Japan and South Korea is slated to surge at 8.6% and 8.9% CAGRs, respectively, with both countries together accounting for 41% share in the East Asia market.
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Is the market research conducted by Fact.MR?
Yes, the report has been compiled by expert analysts of Fact.MR, through a combination of primary and secondary research. To know more about how the research was conducted, you can speak to a research analyst.
What research methodology is followed by Fact.MR?
Fact.MR follows a methodology that encompasses the demand-side assessment of the market, and triangulates the same through a supply-side analysis. This methodology is based on the use of standard market structure, methods, and definitions.
What are the sources of secondary research?
Fact.MR conducts extensive secondary research through proprietary databases, paid databases, and information available in the public domain. We refer to industry associations, company press releases, annual reports, investor presentations, and research papers. More information about desk research is available upon request.
Who are the respondents for primary research?
Fact.MR speaks to stakeholders across the spectrum, including C-level executives, distributors, product manufacturers, and industry experts. For a full list of primary respondents, please reach out to us.
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